What Are Bloodborne Pathogens?
Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people.
High Risk Occupations
Health Care Services
Acute liver disease
Caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV).
Lasting from a few weeks to several months
Does not lead to chronic infection
Transmission: Ingestion of fecal matter, even in microscopic amount
Close person-to-person contact
Unwashed fruits and vegetables
Improperly prepared seafood
Vaccination: Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended:
All children starting at age 1 year
Travelers to certain countries, and others at risk
Liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV)
Ranges in severity from a mild illness to a serious long-term (chronic) illness
Can lead to liver disease or liver cancer
Contact with infectious blood, semen, and other body fluids
Having sex with an infected person
Sharing contaminated needles to inject drugs
From an infected mother to her newborn
Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all adults at risk for HBV infection.
Liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV)
Sometimes results in an acute illness
Most often becomes a chronic condition
Can lead to cirrhosis of the liver and liver cancer
Contact with the blood of an infected person
Primarily through sharing contaminated needles to inject drugs
Vaccination: There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.
HIV is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HIV damages a persons body by destroying specific blood cells, called CD4+T cells, which are critical to the body for fighting diseases.
HIV can lead to AIDS which stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AIDS is the late stage of HIV, when a persons immune system is severely damaged and has difficulty fighting disease and certain cancers.
Vehicle of Exposure
Exposure Control Plan
Identifies jobs and tasks where occupational exposure to blood or other potentially infectious material occurs
Describes how the employer will:
¨Use engineering and work practice controls.
¨Ensure use of personal protective equipment.
¨Provide medical surveillance.
¨Provide hepatitis B vaccinations.
¨Use signs and labels.
What to do if an exposure occurs?
Wash exposed area with soap and water.
Flush splashes to nose, mouth, or skin with water.
Irrigate eyes with water or saline.
Report the exposure.
Direct the worker to a healthcare professional.
Treatment should begin as soon as possible, preferable within 24 hours/no later 7 days.
Personal Protective Equipment
Must not allow blood or other potentially infectious material to pass to the employees eyes, skin, mouth or body.
Must be removed when leaving area or upon contamination.
Examples of PPE
Gloves ¨Glove Removal