Spill containment regulations in the United States are not governed by a single institution, but are shared among OSHA, EPA, US Coast Guard, NIOSH, NIEHS, NOAA, and several other organizations. As such, employers and employees alike might be confused about who’s responsible for what.

OSHA’s focus is naturally on the health and safety of the employees. As such, their guidelines for spill containment are geared to ensuring that the employees involved in spill containment are not exposed to hazardous substances that could cause chronic health effects, chemical burns, sensitization, and other effects on their health and safety.

OSHA’s requirements are listed in CFR 1910.120. The main requirements under the standard are:

  • Spill containment plan
  • Spill containment training
  • Safety equipment to respond to a spill