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OSHA Department of Labor (DOL) establishes the rules for overhead hoists. The rules for Overhead Hoists are established in 29 CFR 1910.179 Overhead and gantry cranes. The DOL incorporates additional rules by reference by citing additional standards within the regulations


With the successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  • UNDERSTAND basic risk management as it applies to qualified operators and qualified inspectors.
  • UNDERSTAND the proper methods and techniques for handling the load.  These methods and techniques include attaching the load, moving the load, controlling the load during lift, and hand signals.
  • UNDERSTAND terminology, operator responsibilities, and communication signals involved in the safe operation of overhead cranes.
  • Properly INSPECT overhead cranes and hardware
  • DEMONSTRATE ability to properly perform load inspections and overhead crane operating techniques covered in this course.


Students will be evaluated during classroom activities for competency relative to the course objectives.  A written evaluation will also be administered following the classroom portion of this course.  A successful written evaluation will have a minimum 80% of all questions answered correctly.  Additionally, a hands-on practical evaluation must be completed. This evaluation is scored on a pass/fail basis. Students caught cheating will be immediately dismissed and their company notified.

Course Length: 4 Hours

  • ASME B30 pertains to lifting and material-handling related equipment
    • There are 28 subparts to ASME B30
    • For Overhead and Gantry Cranes (Top Running Bridge, Single or Multiple Girder, Top Running Trolley Hoist) ASME B30.2 is specified
  • The B30 Standard is intended to
    • Prevent or minimize injury to workers, and otherwise provide for the protection of life, limb, and property by prescribing safety requirements
    • Provide direction to manufacturers, owners, employers, users, and others concerned with, or responsible for, its application
    • Guide governments and other regulatory bodies in the development, promulgation, and enforcement of appropriate safety directives
    • Volume B30.2 includes provisions that apply to the construction, installation, operation, inspection, and maintenance of hand-operated and power-driven overhead and gantry cranes that have a top-running single girder or multiple-girder bridge, with one or more top running trolley hoists used for vertical lifting and lowering of freely suspended, unguided loads consisting of equipment and materials. The requirements included in this Volume also apply to cranes having the same fundamental characteristics such as cantilever gantry cranes, semi-gantry cranes, and wall cranes.

Overhead Crane Terms

  • Designated person: a person selected or assigned by the employer or the employer’s representative as being competent to perform specific duties
  • Only designated personnel may operate an overhead crane
  • Qualified person: a person who, by possession of a recognized degree in an applicable field, or certificate of professional standing, or who, by extensive knowledge, training, and experience, has successfully demonstrated the ability to solve or resolve problems relating to the subject matter and work.
  • Unattended: a condition in which the operator of a crane is not at the operating control devices.

Overhead crane types – Wall Crane

Overhead crane types – Gantry Crane

Overhead crane types – Overhead Bridge Crane

Overhead bridge crane basic components

Important terms for overhead bridge cranes