Electrocution

Employees using electric tools must be aw are of several dangers. Among the most serious hazards are electrical burns and shocks.  Electrical shocks, which can lead to injuries such as heart failure and burns, are among the major hazards associated with electricpowered tools. Under certain conditions, even a small amount of electric current can result in fibrillation of the heart and death. An electric shock also can cause the user to fall off a ladder or other elevated work surface and be injured due to the fall.  To protect the user from shock and burns, electric tools must have a three-wire cord with a ground and be plugged into a grounded receptacle, be double insulated, or be powered by a low voltage isolation transformer. Three-wire cords contain two currentcarrying conductors and a grounding conductor. Any time an adapter is used to accommodate a two-hole receptacle, the adapter wire must be attached to a known ground. The third prong must never be removed from the plug. Double-insulated tools are a vailable that provide protection against electrical shock without third-wire grounding. On doubleinsulated tools, an internal layer of protective insulation completely isolates the external housing of the tool.  The following general practices should be follo wed when using electric tools:
• Operate electric tools within their design limitations.
• Use gloves and appropriate safety footwear when using electric tools.
• Store electric tools in a dry place when not in use.